One of the most common medical problems plaguing the United States is back pain. It is the number one cause of missed work, and there are more than 26 million people affected by lower back pain in America each year. There are both surgical and nonsurgical treatment options, as well as other methods of dealing with and preventing back pain, but part of avoiding it and the side effects of lower back pain is to know what causes it.
1. Injury and Trauma
One of the most common causes of lower back pain is injury or trauma. This can occur as the result of an accident … like a car accident or slip and fall. These can cause muscle strains and sprains and can cause spinal damage as well. Injury can also occur in cases when people do not life heavy items carefully. Heavy items should always be lifted with the legs and a person holding a heavy item should never twist at the waist.
2. Sedentary and Repetitive Movements
Believe it or not, another one of the most common causes of lower back pain is actually sitting still for long periods of time or doing repetitive movements. People who work in offices are especially susceptible to these causes of back pain. Not sitting with proper posture and not having an ergonomic workspace can both lead to back pain. Getting up, stretching, and walking around every few hours can help back pain dramatically.
3. Medical Conditions
Another common cause of back pain is medical conditions. These can range from skeletal abnormalities like scoliosis to different types arthritis. These don’t only affect the bones of the spine, but they can also affect the muscles and surrounding areas and pain can spread to other parts of the body (like the limbs, neck, and face). Surgery and medications are usually used to treat these.
Do you have any questions about what causes low back pain? Feel free to ask us in the comments.
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