There are a variety of reasons why individuals choose to have surgical procedures. In addition to reconstructive and cosmetic surgery, there are other types of elective surgery that may be recommended. This includes surgery for sleep apnea, which may be recommended by an ear nose and throat specialist.
Cosmetic Surgery Overview
Since 2011, figures indicate there have been an increasing number of cosmetic procedures performed. In 2015, for example, the “2016 Plastic Surgery Statistics” stat report indicated that there were 15.9 million procedures performed in the United States.
These procedures, which were both minimally-invasive and surgical, represented a 2% increase from 2014. There were 1.7 million cosmetic surgical procedures performed in 2015 alone, with breast augmentation and liposuction being the most prevalent.
Sleep Apnea and Surgery
It is estimated that 18 million people in the United States have sleep apnea. When untreated, this condition can increase the risk of stroke, and it has been determined that sleep apnea sufferers are 4 times more likely to have a stroke. Furthermore, they are 3 times as likely to have heart disease and other serious issues.
While the standard treatment for sleep apnea is usually using a CPAP machine to provide increased oxygen during sleep, surgical intervention may be recommended in some instances. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine’s “Sleep Education” resource page addresses several types of surgery. One of the more common surgical interventions for sleep apnea is Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP).
UPPP is a type of soft palate surgery that focuses on the area at the roof of the mouth in the back. This surgery may include the following surgical procedures:
- Trim down the soft palate and uvula
- Remove the tonsils
- Reposition soft palate muscles
There are other types of surgical interventions that may be recommended, or necessary, for severe cases of sleep apnea, however. Whether or not surgery is advised can be determined by a specialist.
Given that 2% to 4% of people in the United States have undiagnosed cases of sleep apnea, it is hoped they will notice this sleep disturbance and visit an ear nose and throat specialist for an evaluation. When left untreated, sleep apnea, especially in medium to severe cases, can lead to serious health risks.
Whether cosmetic or other types of surgery are optional, recommended, or necessary, it is important to consult with a surgeon to learn about your options.